Current events have motivated many of us to plunge into the history of our country. And me, too, because sometimes comments arrive that, they say, Ukraine appeared before Russia. I decided to write a series of historical posts.
Well, it’s proved that the history of Russia begins from the moment when the Slavs called for the reign of 3 brothers of the warriors called varyags and Russ.
It was in 862 in the first capital of Ancient Rus’, Staraya Ladoga (founded in 753). The annals also mention that Rurik also reigned in Veliky Novgorod (the second capital of Russia), his other brother Sineus - on Beloozero (Vologda region), and the third, Truvor - in Izborsk (Pskov region). And from those variags and Russes the Russian land was founded.
Somehow, Rurik's close people Askold and Dir went along the Dnieper to Tsargrad, and they saw a small town on the hill. And they asked: “Whose town is this?”. They were answered: “There were three brothers Kyi, Shchek and Khoriv, who built this town and disappeared. Askold and Dir stayed in this town, which they called Kiev (on behalf of Kiy). Rurik reigned in Novgorod.
After the death of Rurik in 882, the Novgorod knyaz (prince) Oleg set out on a campaign against Kyiv and, capturing it, made it his capital.
This was the beginning of Kievan Rus, a state that occupied a significant territory of Eastern Europe (part of modern Russia, Ukraine and Belarus, swipe ), on which the different Slavic peoples of Russia lived. In the X-XI centuries, there were 25 cities in the Ancient Rus, the largest of them were Kyiv, Novgorod, Smolensk, Rostov, Suzdal, Vladimir and other cities of the modern Russia, Ukraine and Belarus and by the time of the Batt invasion (XII century), Kievan Rus already had up to 300 cities.
Gradually, Kyiv became a bone of contention between the princes of the Russian principalities: Vladimir-Suzdal, Volyn, Smolensk and Chernigov. In 1169 Prince Vladimir Andrei Bogolyubsky stormed Kyiv and became the first prince who did not occupy it, but remained in Vladimir. Since then, Kyiv has been constantly devastated.
In the second quarter of the 12th century, Kievan Rus broke up into independent principalities, and the inhabitants of the southern Russian principalities, due to the ongoing princely strife for the Kiev land, moved north, to the calmer Rostov-Suzdal land, also called Zalesye.
The victory of the northeastern Russian princes, led by Moscow prince Dmitry Donskoy, over the Mongol-Tatar army launched the unification processes, as a result of which, during the reign of Ivan III, a single independent Russian state was formed with its center in Moscow.
Well, as we can see, any disputes on this topic are meaningless, since Russia, Ukraine and Belarus have one history and one ancestors! Peace and goodness to everybody !